History

Akhand Bharat: Dream of Undivided India

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Have you heard of Akhand Bharat (Undivided India)? It’s an idea from long ago when the whole of India was one big family, living and growing together. Many people today still find this idea fascinating. Imagine all of us being together, not just as neighbors, but as one big united family! In this blog, we’ll chat about why this old idea is still so special and see if it could really work today.

Here is an image taken from the new Parliament of India:

india map in new indian parliament

What is Akhand Bharat?

”Akhand Bharat” or “Undivided India” refers to the concept of unifying the Indian subcontinent, including present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and other regions, under a common political entity. It wasn’t just about land or borders but about the shared stories, cultures, and values that people from these places had in common.

This idea is rooted in historical references to ancient empires that once governed these territories, such as the Mauryan Empire. Akhand Bharat envisions the reunification of these regions to foster a sense of shared heritage, culture, and progress.

ancient mauryan empire of india

India, which was known as Bharatvarsha and Aryavarta, is also mentioned in the Hindu scriptures, primarily in the Puranas.

उत्तरं यत्समुद्रस्य: हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् ।
वर्षं तद् भारतं नाम: भारती यत्र संततिः ।।

The country that lies north of the ocean and south of the snowy mountains is called Bharatam; there dwell the descendants of Bharat.

— Vishnu Purana (2.3.1)

Why is Akhand Bharat Important?

The significance of Akhand Bharat stems from multiple reasons:

Cultural Unity: A united India would bring together diverse linguistic, religious, and cultural groups, fostering mutual understanding, respect, and inclusivity. It would serve as a platform to celebrate and preserve the rich tapestry of Indian traditions and reinforce a collective national identity.

Economic Integration: With close geographical proximity and complementary resources, a united Indian subcontinent has the potential to become an economic powerhouse. Collaborations in trade, infrastructure development, and increased connectivity can lead to significant economic growth and prosperity within the region, benefiting all nations involved.

Regional Stability: A united India would help address historical conflicts and tensions among neighboring nations. By creating a collaborative framework, it could potentially lead to enhanced regional stability, improved diplomatic ties, and shared security initiatives, fostering a peaceful and harmonious coexistence.

india map pre partition

How Practical is the Vision of Akhand Bharat?

Realistically speaking, achieving a political unification resembling Akhand Bharat faces significant challenges:

Historical Challenges

  • The idea of Akhand Bharat faces challenges due to historical events and political divisions that have shaped the present boundaries.
  • Significant cultural, religious, and socio-economic differences have emerged over time, leading to separate national identities.
  • Addressing these differences and reconciling past conflicts would require extensive dialogue, compromise, and a shared vision for the future.

Political and Administrative Complexities

  • Reunifying the subcontinent entails dealing with complex administrative processes, governance structures, and policies involving multiple nations.
  • Overcoming these challenges would require a collective will, deep commitment, and effective diplomatic efforts from all parties involved.

Present-day Realities

  • The present geopolitical landscape comprises independent nations with their own aspirations, political systems, and international commitments.
  • While fostering regional cooperation is valuable, it is essential to respect the sovereignty and aspirations of individual nations, seeking collaboration on shared interests rather than the creation of a single political entity.

Practical Impediments in a Modern Context

  • Historically, wars were tools for land unification and expansion, but such measures are now outdated, especially between nuclear-armed neighbors.
  • If political entities agreed to unify, potential civil unrest could arise in opposition zones, consuming resources and possibly leading to new militant groups and ongoing separatist movements.
  • India’s experiences with separatist movements in specific regions hint at magnified challenges with more territories.
  • Governing vast populations with diverse religious and cultural ideologies could exacerbate existing interfaith tensions, given the prominent Muslim populations in many of India’s neighboring countries.

india map pre partition

Conclusion

The vision of Akhand Bharat symbolizes the aspiration for unity, cultural diversity, economic progress, and regional stability. While the concept bears historical and cultural significance, achieving it practically in the present context poses significant challenges. Nevertheless, fostering regional collaboration, diplomatic initiatives, and economic integration can provide substantial benefits to all nations involved, creating a strong and prosperous South Asian region.

india map pre partition

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